Plantbee Blog | Industry News

Racy Steel Growth in Pakistan, Scrap Imports Seen Up – Mughal Steel

undefinedMr Khurram Javaid is chief executive officer and director at Mughal Iron & Steel Industries Ltd, one of Pakistan’s largest steel producers at 1.1 million tonnes (mt) and also one of the largest steel scrap importers.

As the south Asian nation looks at double-digit growth in steel demand owing to infrastructure development, Mughal Steel, a listed company, prepares for its own growth in line with it. One of the key people driving the change is Mr Javaid, who has made substantial contributions to the company’s production and sales and is looking to usher in new technology into the business.

Mr Javaid holds an MBA degree from the Coventry University, UK and a BSc degree from the Lahore School of Economics in Pakistan. He has his hands busy at human resources planning, policymaking and training. Following are excerpts from a telephonic interview with Ruchira Singh:

1) What is driving the demand for steel in Pakistan and how much will it grow by this year?

The heightened demand is led by various infrastructure projects coming up particularly coal based power projects and dams. Also, the CPEC (China-Pakistan Economic Corridor) that will be done in the next three years, and the Silk Road (proposed road project between Gwadar in Pakistan to Kashgar in the Chinese region of Xinjiang) will contribute to it.

Demand is expected to grow by 25%-30% year on year. The products in demand are mainly rebars in long rolled segment. Hence, current per capita consumption from 30-32kg against world average about 210kg is expected to reach 40kg in coming year unleashing a growth not experienced in the steel sector of Pakistan.

2) What are the policy changes that are helping demand grow?

Recently an anti-dumping duty of 24.4% on Chinese origin steel billets was imposed, encouraging an enabling environment for CAPEX in Pakistan. Earlier this year similar duties were imposed on Chinese imports of finished steels. All this is encouraging local steel capacities to come up. The government is vigilant on putting tariff as well as non-tariff barriers to help guard against imported materials. Power is also now available 24 hours so steel units are better equipped to step up production. Electricity prices were hiked some years ago and at present there is no issue regarding prices.

 3) What are the latest trends amongst consumers?

Other than the growth in infrastructure, in Pakistan, the retail market is opening up. There are 200 million people who breathe, commemorate marriages and grow families, so the market will grow. Just like in India, where there has to be construction of multi-storied buildings to accommodate people, so in Pakistan, buildings have to go multi-storied. Therefore, there is demand and it is for good grades of steel. Our region is prone to seismic activity, so there is an additional pressure to make the steel products very strong as well as elastic; this is fully enforced by government departments to ensure quality compliance.

4) How fast are new capacities being added by the iron and steel industry to process larger imports of scrap? Is there enough funding available for this?

As shared, envisioning market expansion, the government‘s pledge to help facilitate capital investments, regulatory measures to help stabilize local industry, inflow from international market on infrastructual projects, local industry is quite responsive and adaptive to the changes.

World’s largest industry players such as Primetals , NCO, Daneillie, Mitsui etc have already bagged good business recently in long and flat rolled industries, followed only by melting and smelting upstream business. With regards to funding, number of opportunities are available now in Pakistan including ECAs (Export Credit Agency), Supplier’s credit, Exim financing along with local muscle from Pakistan banking system, which ineed is quite active as well.

5) Now that China is selling scrap in a big way, how is the scrap market looking this year?

Especially for you, does it mean you can import scrap at a lower price due to proximity with China? Scrap has been coming to Pakistan from the US and Australia, Europe and Middle East any part of the world with special focus on US and Australia.Europe currently caters better to the Turkish demand. Scrap steel prices are currently at $300-$310/tonne including freight. Yes, we are now receiving better prices from China, in the range of $285-$295/tonne. So yes, things are going to see some change.

6) What are the expansion plans of Mughal Iron & Steel?

We have about a million tonne (mt) steel rerolling capacity coming online next year as we have plans to build another plant in the south. This is to be strategically located in the port city of Karachi. We are working to emerge as a vertically integrated steel company with a focus on downstream as well as upstream supply chain including captive coal based power generation, setting up a new fully automated CCM plant, BMR on other section mills capacities.

7) Will the new unit also be a steel melting unit or are you looking at having a blast furnace?

This yet has to come from our business development unit, who are convinced principally about developing smelting capacity via blast furnace route at the port city where import of raw materials and other utilities are better managed. Here, we will be able to make steel competitively, and in a more efficient manner. In Pakistan, we have iron ore available, and we have coal available –lots of it.

This may be looked at as a historic achievement from a private sector company venturing into the blast furnace route on the footsteps of the public sector company Pakistan Steel Mills in Karachi. Unfortunately, Pakistan Steel Mills is currently inoperative. But as I said, it is being studied and in case a blast furnace is not workable, we will build another steel melting plant at the place.

8) Would it be easy to get an iron ore mine allocated for this?

We are in discussions with the government for this and I see no challenges with an indigenous reserve of about a billion ton of proven reserves with no other demand at least for now.

9) In case you decide to build a blast furnace, will it be in a joint venture?

We will need a technology partner. We will look for a European technology partner.

10) If there was no geo-political tension between India and Pakistan, could there have been synergies between the two in the iron and steel trade? How?

This is hard to make a hypothesis, though looking at major markets say US — a 53 state unification, Europe – spreading across about 30 nations, what could be the challenges for India and Pakistan which historically has always been there? India, a consumer market bigger than even China itself -what challenges and opportunities it may bring needs an answer that would come from some deeper analysis.



Induction furnaces will have to follow BIS standards to survive: Steel Ministry


Stating that there will be absolutely zero tolerance on the quality front, steel ministry has warned small induction furnaces to strictly adhere to the BIS standards or else they might have to shut shops simply because they would not be able to sell their products in the market.

There are around 1,128 induction furnaces in the country which use sponge iron or melting scrap to produce semi-finished steel. Of India’s 125 MTPA steel production capacity, 29% or 36 MnT comes through the induction furnace route.

"Induction furnaces will have to follow the BIS standards, if they have to compete and if they want to sell their products in the market,” said a senior steel ministry official on sidelines of a conference conducted by steel ministry on giving preference to domestically produced steel.

Though 33 steel products have already been notified under the mandatory quality certification mark scheme of BIS, actual implementation of these standards by the industry, particularly by the secondary manufacturers, is limited, resulting in large-scale production, imports and use of sub-standard material, putting infrastructure and public safety at risk.

Since most of the induction furnace units lack in-house quality testing facilities, the government proposed to set up quality testing facilities in steel hubs and further strengthen the already established facilities to cater to possible rise in demand.

Induction furnace route finds a prominent place in India’s steel-making since it has a number of advantages. It does not require coking coal, for which India mostly relies on imports. The capital cost is also less and does not required large land parcel to set up a unit.

However, the induction furnace route lacks refining capabilities. The steel ministry, which lays a lot of emphasis on secondary steel firms to achieve its ambitious target of taking country’s steel-making capacity to 300 MnT by 2030-31, has already decided to take appropriate steps to promote development of consistent and cost-effective refining methods in order to produce high quality steel.

Secondary manufacturers contribute around 51% of India’s annual steel production. BIS standard is applicable to all products, be it imports or produced domestically by the integrated firms or small units. These 33 products account for 75% of India’s total steel production. Sources said the number might also go up in the coming days.


Maharashtra starts process to replace old thermal plants with supercritical ones


"Such plants need lesser amount of coal and have increased capacity. Supercritical plants cause at least eight times less pollution compared to the traditional power plants.

THE MAHARASHTRA Power Generation Company (Mahagenco) is planning to convert its retiring thermal power plants into supercritical ones. A proposal is being prepared by the company to be presented to the holding company Maharashtra State Electricity Board (MSEB) and the Maharashtra Electricity Regulatory Commission (MERC). A month after the Union power ministry announced its resolve to phase out power plants older than 25 years and replace them with supercritical ones, Mahagenco has already started preparing for the same. Union Minister Piyush Goyal had last month announced that power plants of NTPC, which together produced around 11,000 MW power, will be phased out gradually and converted into ‘super critical plant’. These plants will not only increase capacity but reduce pollution, he had said.

“Such plants need lesser amount of coal and have increased capacity. Supercritical plants cause at least eight times less pollution compared to the traditional power plants,” said Bipin Shrimali, the chairman and managing director of Mahagenco.

Until last year, Mahagenco had decommissioned two units of 210 MW each at the Chandrapur plant, one 210 MW unit at Parli power plant and one 200 MW unit at Koradi power plant.

The Koradi unit was recently replaced by a 3,300 MW supercritical plant which was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Mahagenco officials said that the generation company was planning to replace the rest with supercritical units.

However, given that the state has surplus power, Mahagenco may not add capacity to the plants. “The plan is to replace the existing capacity so far and not add capacity,” said an official on the condition of anonymity. He added that as the production cost is lower in case of supercritical plants, the tariff too will be lower and consumers could benefit from it.

The state-owned power generation company is now awaiting the demand supply data from its sister distribution company Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd (MSEDCL).

“Our proposal will map the needs of the distribution company as per the power purchase agreement between the two companies,” said the official. In a recent hearing, the MSEDCL was directed by the MERC to prepare a detailed future plan based on its current demand and supply by mid-May.

Mahagenco will then plug its proposal to the distribution company’s needs and seek approval from the MSEB.


Indian-origin steel tycoon Sanjeev Gupta on US acquisition spree


LONDON: Britain's Indian-origin steel tycoon Sanjeev Gupta has made a bid to acquire all the assets of a Minnesota iron ore firm, days after he announced plans to take over ArcelorMittal's steelworks in the US.

GFG Alliance, which includes Gupta's global industrial and metals group Liberty House as well as his family's resources and energy group SIMEC, said the move to acquire Mesabi Metallics Company LLC, formerly known as Essar Steel Minnesota LLC and ESML Holding Inc, was part of its plans to step up its North American expansion programme.

The acquisition will cover a seven million tonnes-a-year iron ore pellet plant at Nashwauk Minnesota with an expansion potential to 14 million tonnes a year, plus magnetite resources estimated at 1.968 billion tonnes, with reserves of 1.679 billion tonnes, and hematite mineral resources estimated to be around 352 million tonnes.

The bid is being made as a consortium alongside ERP Iron Ore (ERPI) and institutional investors working together as the Chippewa Capital Partners.

"We are very pleased to team up with our partners in the Chippewa Capital Partners consortium to put forward this exciting proposal. We see this as a time of renewed opportunity for growth of American industry, and we have the breadth and depth of skill and experience to capitalise on that opportunity," said Gupta, executive chairman of GFG Alliance.

He said the bid to acquire Mesabi Metallics fits with the GFG strategy to develop end-to-end integrated and sustainable businesses in North America, encompassing mining and energy production through to recycling, steel making and engineering, underpinned by the group's financial services operation.

Jay Hambro, GFG's Chief Investment Officer and CEO of SIMEC Mining, said, "With current volatility in the iron ore price, it is important to focus on a low cost operation and on value-added products that have a long-term demand base.

"The Mesabi assets need a well-considered built-out programme under the leadership of a group investing with a view to long-term ownership."

The move follows last week's announcement that Liberty House has reached an agreement with NRI steel major Lakshmi N Mittal's ArcelorMittal to buy the Georgetown steelworks in South Carolina with its electric arc furnace and rod mill.

The GFG Alliance is also expanding in Australia where Liberty and SIMEC are at an advanced stage in the process to secure major mining, recycling and steel assets.

GFG's international operations include: recycling, steelmaking and downstream products, power generation, natural resources, and trading business with 2017 revenues in excess of USD 9 billion.

Liberty is the largest producer of steel and downstream engineered steel products in the UK with its products sold in over 50 countries.


IFC ropes in JICA for power plant in Bangladesh


KOLKATA: IFC (International Finance Corporation), a member of the World Bank Group, has roped in Japanese agency JICA to invest $30 million in Sembcorp North-West Power Company Ltd.

Sembcorp North-West Power Company Ltd is a joint venture between Sembcorp Utilities and Bangladesh government owned North-West Power Generation Company Ltd. It is building a 414MW dual-fuel combined-cycle power plant at Sirajganj in Bangladesh. The plant will significantly expand power-generation capacity in Bangladesh.

JICA's $30 million is part of the total financing package of $ 165 million that includes a loan from IFC’s own account as well as additional loans mobilised through partners. The total project cost is estimated at around $412 million.

"The project is expected to be one of the most efficient plants in the country that will help modernize Bangladesh's power sector," JICA's senior vice-president Kenichi Tomiyoshi said in a statement.

This transaction is IFC's first co-investment with JICA since the two organizations signed a master cooperation agreement in April 2015.

Tang Kin Fei, group president and CEO, Sembcorp Industries, said, "Sembcorp's commitment towards supporting Bangladesh's vision for continued growth and development is further strengthened with support from JICA, IFC, and other global investors. Sembcorp's Sirajganj power plant will provide cost-effective and reliable energy solutions to the country for more than 22.5 years after its completion.”

"Bangladesh is on an ambitious growth path. Addressing the electricity gap is an immediate need. With JICA’s first investment into the country, IFC is confident of making a positive impact on the economy and the quality of life of Bangladeshi people. The project will help address the electricity gap while lowering the cost of generation," said Hyun-Chan Cho, IFC's Asia-Pacific Head for Infrastructure.

Nearly 40% of Bangladesh’s 160 million population live without access to electricity. Citizens encounter frequent blackouts. Severe power shortages are a major bottleneck for the growth of the job-creating manufacturing sector, hampering economic growth and poverty-alleviation efforts.

The power plant will be the second largest power plant in the country and represents the largest foreign direct investment into this sector in recent years. The success of the project will demonstrate the profitability and sustainability of public and private-sector partnerships in Bangladesh’s power sector to international players, helping attract additional capital to the sector.

IFC promotes sustainable growth and private-sector development in Bangladesh by investing in critical infrastructure, boosting financial inclusion, enhancing textiles competitiveness, and supporting reforms to make doing business easier for the private sector.

IFC committed $635 million in Bangladesh, in own and mobilized funds across 13 projects, for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016. IFC’s committed portfolio in Bangladesh is about $1 billion in 47 projects.


BHEL commissions 250 Mw coal-based power plant in Assam


BHEL is executing the main plant package contract for setting up three coal-fired units of 250 MW each at NTPC’s Bongaigaon Thermal Power Station. This is the largest coal-based power plant in North East.

Kolkata: Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL), India's largest power equipment manufacturer, has commissioned a 250 MW coal-based thermal power unit at its Bongaigaon Thermal Power Station (TPS) of NTPC in Assam, the firm said in a statement.

BHEL is executing the main plant package contract for setting up three coal-fired units of 250 MW each at NTPC’s Bongaigaon Thermal Power Station. This is the largest coal-based power plant in North East.

The first unit of the power plant was commissioned earlier by BHEL and is presently operational while the third and final unit is in an advanced stage of commissioning.

The Bongaigaon TPS is located at Salakati near Bongaigaon in Kokrajhar district of Assam. Also known as the gateway to Lower Assam, Bongaigoan is one of the industrial towns of the state, which also has a major petrochemical industry. This project has been set up after demolishing an old 4x60 MW power station of Assam State Electricity Board.

The sets of this rating class, supplied by BHEL, are considered as the workhorse and backbone of the Indian power sector. These sets have been performing much above the national average as well as international benchmarks.

At present, in Assam, BHEL is also executing a gas-based combined cycle power project of 98.4 MW at Namrup. The plant is already commissioned in the open cycle mode and the commissioning in combined cycle mode is in the final stages.

BHEL is the market leader in the Indian Power Sector with a formidable installed base of over 1,70,000 MW of power plant equipment globally.


Home ← Older posts





Register OR Login to you account

* Full name

* Mobile (enter without country code)

* Email

Company Name

* Location

*Plant Type

*Business Type

I have read the terms and conditions

Existing user, Please login to your account


* Username

* Password

Forgot password



Terms & Conditions


Please read these terms and conditions (hereinafter called "the Terms") carefully before subscribing to or registering with the site operated by SteelMint info Services LLP ("we", "us" or "our") to be found at (hereinafter the "Site"). By subscribing to, registering with, accessing or using the Site, you (meaning yourself and any company or other entity or business for which you work or otherwise represent) agree to be legally bound by these Terms as they may be modified and posted on the Site from time to time. If you do not agree to the Terms (or are not authorized to do so) you should not register, subscribe or access the Site.

By using this website all users agree to the stated terms & conditions relating to access and use of this site. If you do not agree then please abandon this webpage.


Web site acts as a mere venue/platform for our members to promote/find offers such as new, old machinery and equipments or running plants. We do not take part in the actual transaction that takes place between the buyers and sellers and hence are not a party to any contract for sale negotiated between buyers and sellers. All transactions will be the responsibility of the members only. This agreement shall not be deemed to create any partnership, joint venture, or other joint business relationship between THE SITE and other party.


Some of the content displayed on the website is provided or posted by third parties. User(s) can post their content on some of the sections/services of the web site using the self-help submit and edit tools provided at the respective section. User(s) may need to register and/or pay for some of these services. The Site in such case is not the author. The content here is contributed by anonymous, registered or paid user(s). Neither the Site nor any of its affiliates, directors, officers or employees has entered into sale agency relationship with such third party by virtue of our display of the Third Party Content on the website. Any Third Party content is the sole responsibility of the party who has provided the content. The Site is not responsible for the accuracy, propriety, lawfulness or truthfulness of any Third Party content, and shall not be liable to any user(s) in connection with his/her reliance on such Third Party content. In addition, the site is not responsible for the conduct of user(s) activities on the web site, and shall not be liable to any person in connection with any damage suffered by any person as a result of any such user's conduct.


(a) Provide the Site with true, accurate, current and complete information to be displayed on the web site and (b) Maintain and promptly amend all information to keep it true, accurate, current and complete.

User(s) hereby grant an irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide and royalty-free, sub-licensable (through multiple tiers) license to the site to display and use all information provided by them in accordance with the purposes set forth in agreement and to exercise the copyright, publicity, and database rights you have in such material or information, in any form of media, third party copyrights, trademarks, trade secret rights, patents and other personal or proprietary rights affecting or relating to material or information displayed on the web site, including but not limited to rights of personality and rights of privacy, or affecting or relating to products that are offered or displayed on the web site (hereafter referred to as "Third Party Rights"). User(s) hereby represent, warrants and agree that user(s) shall be solely responsible for ensuring that any material or information you post on the web site or provide to web site or authorize the web site to display, does not, and that the products represented thereby do not, violate any Third Party Rights, or is posted with the permission of the owner(s) of such rights. User(s) hereby represent, warrant and agree that they have the right to manufacture, offer, sell, import and distribute the products offered and displayed on the web site, and that such manufacture, offer, sale, importation and/or distribution of those products violates no Third Party Rights.


Contain fraudulent information or make fraudulent offers of items or involve the sale or attempted sale of counterfeit or stolen items or items whose sales and/or marketing is prohibited by applicable law, or otherwise promote other illegal activities;

Be part of a scheme to defraud other User(s) of the web site or for any other unlawful purpose;

Relate to sale of products or services that infringe or otherwise abet or encourage the infringement or violation of any third party's copyright, patent, trademarks, trade secret or other proprietary right or rights of publicity or privacy, or any other Third Party Rights;

Violate any applicable law, statute, ordinance or regulation (including without limitation those governing export control, consumer protection, unfair competition, anti-discrimination or false advertising);

Be defamatory, libelous, unlawfully threatening or unlawfully harassing

Be obscene or contain or infer any pornography or sex-related merchandising or any other content or otherwise promotes sexually explicit materials or is otherwise harmful to minors;

Promote discrimination based on race, sex, religion, nationality, disability, sexual orientation or age;

Contain any material that constitutes unauthorized advertising or harassment (including but not limited to spamming), invades anyone's privacy or encourages conduct that would constitute a criminal offense, give rise to civil liability, or otherwise violate any law or regulation;

Solicit business from any User(s) in connection with a commercial activity that competes with the Site;

Contain any computer viruses or other destructive devices and codes that have the effect of damaging, interfering with, intercepting or expropriating any software or hardware system, data or personal information;

Link directly or indirectly to or include descriptions of goods or services that are prohibited under the prevailing law; or

Otherwise create any liability for the Site or its affiliates.

The Site reserves the right in its sole discretion to remove any material/content/photos/offers displayed on the web site which it reasonably believes is unlawful, could subject the Site to liability, violates the terms and conditions and/or Agreement or is otherwise found inappropriate in the Site's opinion. Web site reserves the right to cooperate fully with governmental authorities, private investigators and/or injured third parties in the investigation of any suspected criminal or civil wrongdoing.

In connection with any of the foregoing, web site may suspend or terminate the Account of any User as web site deems appropriate in its sole discretion. User(s) agree that web site shall have no liability to any User(s), including no liability for consequential or any other damages, in the event web site takes any of the actions mentioned in this Section, and that you agree to bear the risk that web site may take such actions.

Web site acts as a content integrator and is not responsible for the information provided by user(s) to be displayed on the web site. The Site do not have any role in developing the content.

The Site provides an on-line platform for exchanging information between buyers and suppliers of Plant, Machinery & Equipments. Web site does not represent the seller or the buyer in specific transactions and does not charge any commission for enabling any transaction. Web site does not control and is not liable to or responsible for the quality, safety, lawfulness or availability of the products or services offered for sale on the web site or the ability of the suppliers to complete a sale or the ability of buyers to complete a purchase. User(s) are cautioned that there may be risks of dealing with foreign nationals or people acting under false pretenses. Web site uses several techniques (such as Plant Bee Verified) to verify the accuracy and authenticity of the information our user(s) provide us. However, since it is not possible in all cases and is not 100% fool-proof, the Site cannot and does not confirm each user(s) purported identity (including, without limitation Plant Bee Verified members). Plant Bee encourages user(s) to use various tools available on the web site and otherwise, as well as common sense, to evaluate the user(s) with whom they would like to deal with.

User(s) acknowledge that user(s) fully assume the risks of purchase and sale transactions when using the web site to conduct transactions, and that user(s) fully assume the risks of liability or harm of any kind in connection with subsequent activity of any kind relating to products or services that are the subject of transactions using the web site.

Such risks shall include, but are not limited to, mis-representation of products and services, fraudulent schemes, unsatisfactory quality, failure to meet specifications, defective or dangerous products, unlawful products, delay or default in delivery or payment, cost mis-calculations, breach of warranty, breach of contract and transportation accidents. Such risks also include the risks that the manufacture, importation, distribution, offer, display, purchase, sale and/or use of products or services offered or displayed on the web site may violate or may be asserted to violate Third Party Rights, and the risk that you may incur costs of defense or other costs in connection with third parties' assertion of Third Party Rights, or in connection with any claims by any party that they are entitled to defense or indemnification in relation to assertions of rights, demands or claims by Third Party Rights claimants. Such risks also include the risks that consumers, other purchasers, end-users of products or others claiming to have suffered injuries or harms relating to product originally obtained by user(s) of the web site as a result of purchase and sale transactions in connection with using the web site may suffer harms and/or assert claims arising from their use of such products. All of the foregoing risks are hereafter referred to as "Transaction Risks".

User(s) agree that Plant Bee shall not be liable or responsible for any damages, liabilities, costs, harms, inconveniences, business disruptions or expenditures of any kind that may occur/arise as a result of or in connection with any Transaction Risks. User(s) are solely responsible for all of the terms and conditions of the transactions conducted on, through or as a result of use of the web site, including, without limitation, terms regarding payment, returns, warranties, shipping, insurance, fees, taxes, title, licenses, fines, permits, handling, transportation and storage. In the event of a dispute with any party to a transaction, user(s) agrees to release and indemnify the Site (and our agents, affiliates, directors, officers, employees and associated sites and mini sites) from all claims, demands, actions, proceedings, costs, expenses and damages (including without limitation any actual, special, incidental or consequential damages) arising out of or in connection with such transaction. User(s) may use the content/features on web site solely for their personal or internal purposes. User(s) agree that they will not use Plant Bee database and/or services to send junk mail, chain letters or spamming or the transmission of any unlawful, harassing, libelous, abusive, threatening, harmful, vulgar, obscene or otherwise objectionable material of any kind or nature. Further, as a Registered User, user(s) will not use the Email Account to publish, distribute, transmit or circulate any unsolicited advertising or promotional information or any content that is obscene, indecent, seditious, offensive, defamatory, threatening, or which incites or results in causing racial hatred, discrimination, menace or breach of confidence.

The site reserves the right to add/modify/discontinue any of the features offered with a service.


Plant Bee may change, modify, amend, or update this agreement from time to time without any prior notification to user(s) and the amended and restated terms and conditions of use shall be effective immediately on posting. If you do not adhere to the changes, you must stop using the service. Your continuous use of the service will signify your acceptance of the changed terms.


All content on this web site is the copyright of Plant Bee except the third party content and link to third party web site on our website.

Plant Bee is not an expert in your intellectual property rights, and we cannot verify that the users of our online marketplace - who post various trade leads on the website - have the right to sell the goods offered. We will appreciate your assistance in identifying listings which may not appear on their face to infringe your rights but which you believe are infringing. Plant Bee is also not an arbiter or judge of disputes about intellectual property rights. By taking down a listing, as a prudential matter, Plant Bee is not endorsing a claim of infringement. Neither, in those instances in which Plant Bee declines to take down a listing, is Plant Bee determining that the listing is not infringing, nor is Plant Bee endorsing the sale of goods in such cases.

Plant Bee respects the intellectual property rights of others, and we expect our user(s) to do the same. Plant Bee believes that user(s) agree that they will not copy, download & reproduce any information, text, images, video clips, directories, files, databases or listings available on or through the web site (the "Plant Bee content") for the purpose of re-selling or re-distributing, mass mailing (via email, wireless text messages, physical mail or otherwise), operating a business competing with Plant Bee, or otherwise commercially exploiting the Plant Bee content. Systematic retrieval of Plant Bee content to create or compile, directly or indirectly, a collection, compilation, database or directory (whether through robots, spiders, automatic devices or manual processes) without written permission from Plant Bee is prohibited.

In addition, use of the content for any purpose not expressly permitted in this Agreement is prohibited and may invite legal action. As a condition of your access to and use of Plant Bee's services, you agree that you will not use the web site service to infringe the intellectual property rights of others in any way. Plant Bee reserves the right to terminate the account of a user(s) upon any infringement of the rights of others in conjunction with use of the Plant Bee service, or if Plant Bee believes that user(s) conduct is harmful to the interests of Plant Bee, its affiliates, or other users, or for any other reason in Plant Bee's sole discretion, with or without cause.


Plant Bee is the sole owner or lawful licensee of all the rights to the web site and its content. Web site content means its design, layout, text, images, graphics, sound, video etc. The web site content embody trade secrets and intellectual property rights protected under worldwide copyright and other laws. All title, ownership and intellectual property rights in the web site and its content shall remain with, its affiliates or licensor's of content, as the case may be.

All rights not otherwise claimed under this agreement or by, are hereby reserved. The information contained in this web site is intended, solely to provide general information for the personal use of the reader, who accepts full responsibility for its use. Plant Bee does not represent or endorse the accuracy or reliability of any information, or advertisements (collectively, the "content") contained on, distributed through, or linked, downloaded or accessed from any of the services contained on this web site, or the quality of any products, information or other materials displayed, or obtained by you as a result of an advertisement or any other information or offer in or in connection with the service.


Most content and some of the features on the web site are made available to visitors free of charge. However, the Site reserves the right to terminate access to certain areas or features of the web site (to paying or registered users) at any time for any reason, with or without notice. The site also reserves the universal right to deny access to particular users to any/all of its services/content without any prior notice/explanation in order to protect the interests of the Site and/or other visitors to the web site. The Site reserves the right to limit, deny or create different access to the web site and its features with respect to different user(s), or to change any of the features or introduce new features without prior notice.

All rights reserved.

Chat with Us